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In the summer issue of 1993 the journal Foreign Affairs published an article by Samuel Huntington under the title “The Clash of Civilizations?” whose themes he enlarged in 1996 in the book, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. Contrary to his predictions, this clash has not taken place because the seven or eight civilizations that he…

Introduction
The American debate regarding the policy needed to combat the dangers posed by immigration from nations who are currently hotbeds of Islamic radicalization is presently being vociferously fought.  This debate recently culminated with an Executive Order by President Trump that suspended travel from seven such nations to improve vetting measures.  Six of the nations included in the Order are amongst…
Mohammed D. Cherkaoui Enlightenment Arab Muslim Islam

What Is Enlightenment? Continuity or Rupture in the Wake of the Arab Uprisings. Mohammed D. Cherkaoui, ed. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2016.
Among the three projects of modernity in conflict with each other – capitalist democracy, communism-socialism, and extremist nationalism – only the first survived into the twenty-first century. Capitalist democracy is today the unrivaled form of modernity in the world and…
Islam Radicalism 1

Beyond Radical Secularism: How France and the Christian West Should Respond to the Islamic Challenge. Pierre Manent. South Bend, IN: St. Augustine’s Press, 2016.
 
I have sometimes deplored the liberties that C. K. Scott Moncrieff took in translating Marcel Proust’s sub-titles from À la recherche du temps perdu: how could À l'ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs (In the shadow of…
Terrorism

Engineers of Jihad: The Curious Connection between Violent Extremism and Education. Diego Gambetta and Steffen Hertog, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016.
 
Several years ago in Bucharest I had the opportunity to tour the Museum of the History of the Rumanian Communist Party and of the Movement for Social Democracy in Romania.  I was puzzled with the discovery that, according to the…
Islam Radicalism 2

The foundation for a Voegelinian understanding of 21st-century jihadism has been laid by Michael Franz and Barry Cooper, Franz’s work in relation to modern ideology in general, and Cooper’s in relation to ideologically-motivated modern terrorism, and modern jihadism in particular.[1] What follows is a brief recap of the Voegelinian framework as Franz [has] presented it and a too-brief comment on…
Islam Radicalism 1

Posterity may know we have not loosely through silence permitted things to pass away as in a dream.
Richard Hooker

After the murderous events of September 11th, 2001, there was an immediate reaction in which people wanted to retaliate against Muslim Arab nations, since, after all, this was an attack worse than Pearl Harbor and therefore we needed to declare war and…
Terrorism

Before returning to the question of Islamic history, there is one final issue about which it is important to be clear. There is a magical com­ponent to metastatic faith. More bluntly, demanding that God perform a miracle or alter the structure of reality does not work. The metastatic faith of the prophets cannot be fulfilled by any pragmatic organization, an…
Terrorism

There are major differences between the way that the political impli­cations of Islam have been worked out historically and the political order of liberal, constitutional democracy. It is as important not to ignore those differences as it is to begin from the self-evident consideration that, although Islam broadly considered does not provide a threat to Western liberal democracy, militant jihadist…
Koran Islam Muslim

In the course of the analysis of Islamist terrorism, we made a basic analytical distinction that needs to be discussed in more detail. On the one hand, we said, there existed the history of societies and political orders informed by Islam, an account of which we called a history of the Islamic community. We assumed here that the status of…