Graham McAleer

Written by Graham McAleer

Graham James McAleerm is a Professor at Loyola University Maryland, with a special interest in the Scottish Enlightenment. He is author of five books, including Tolkien and The Lord of the Rings: A Philosophy of War (2014) and Veneration & Refinement, which is an open-source, interactive website found at

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The mystery of the liturgy coincides totally with the mystery of operativity
- Giorgio Agamben
In my opinion, Giorgio Agamben is the most important contemporary European theorist.  Political theology in the anarchist tradition, to which Agamben subscribes, has for its goal the exorcism of theology from political economy.
Though Agamben is a leftist, his argument is in the spirit of Eric Voegelin –…

"The father saw from afar the limits at which his authority had to expire; and when time has brought him to those limits, he abdicates without difficulty."
- Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America).[1]
Tocqueville expresses surprise that commentators do not dwell more on the influence of inheritance.  He believes that the laws and mores of inheritance “should be placed at the…

In his Letters, Tolkien often mentions working in his garden.  He was a keen plantsman:
"I am in fact a Hobbit (in all but size).  I like gardens, trees, and unmechanized farmlands; I smoke a pipe, and like good plain food (unrefrigerated), but detest French cooking; I like, and even dare to wear in these dull days, ornamental waistcoats" (The Letters…