Kirk Fitzpatrick

Written by Kirk Fitzpatrick

Kirk Fitzpatrick is an Associate Editor of VoegelinView, an Associate Professor of Philosophy, and former Director of the Grace A. Tanner Center at Southern Utah University (2012-16). He is author of A Philosophical Reader on Moral Weakness: Akrasia, Weakness of Will, and Practical Irrationality (Linus, 2009).

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In the Republic, Socrates names the musical modes and he correlates them with the different constitutions of state and soul (399a–c).[1] Since Socrates ranks the different constitutions (580a) and he correlates them with his categories of modes (398e–399d), he ranks his categories of musical modes. Glaucon gives the relations between the Socratic categories of modes and the modes as they…

Our systems are at the breaking point now. We need more roads, more hospitals, more schools, more nurses, more teachers, more police, more fire, more water, more energy, more ports...more, more, more. [1]
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Socrates apparently maintains a contradiction in his discussion of the democratic constitution in the state and soul. At times he describes democracy as a form of governance, or…