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  • The Polish Perspective of American Foreign Policy: Selected Moments from the Cold War Era

    March 22, 2017

    Introduction Bipolarity in international relations was the main characteristic of the Cold War Era. The world was divided between two opposing political, economic and military blocs. The Soviet Union installed communist regimes in most of the European countries during the Second World War in Central and Eastern…

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  • Soviet Perspective On The Cold War And American Foreign Policy

    March 20, 2017

    Ukraine gained its independence in 1991, when the Soviet Union was dissolved and former Soviet republics became sovereign states. Since that time Ukraine started its own policy, with the Ukrainian point of view on history, international relations, and politics differing greatly from the Russian perspective. But during…

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  • Conference on Israel and Cosmological Empires: May 15-16, 2017

    March 19, 2017

    The University of Munich and the Catholic University of Milan is hosting a conference on Israel and Cosmological Empires of the Ancient Orient: Symbols of Order in Eric Voegelin’s Order and History, Volume I on May 15-16, 2017 in Munich. If you are interested, please contact the…

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  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn as Writer, Philosopher, and Political Thinker

    March 18, 2017

    The Other Solzhenitsyn. Daniel J. Mahoney. South Bend, IN: St. Augustine’s Press, 2014.   Daniel J. Mahoney’s The Other Solzhenitsyn is a much needed reappraisal of the Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s place as a writer, philosopher, and political thinker in the English-speaking world where he is caricatured as a…

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  • Two Critics of the Ideological "Lie": Raymond Aron and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    March 17, 2017

    The Other Solzhenitsyn: Telling the Truth about a Misunderstood Writer and Thinker. Daniel J. Mahoney. South Bend, IN: St. Augustine’s Press, 2014.   The incomparable force of Solzhenitsyn is connected with his person, to what defines his message: the unconditional refusal of the lie. It can happen…

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  • Judging Communism and All Its Works: Solzhenitsyn’s The Gulag Archipelago Reconsidered

    March 15, 2017

    Macbeth’s self-justifications were feeble—and his conscience devoured him. Yes, even Iago was a little lamb, too. The imagination and the spiritual strength of Shakespeare’s villains stopped short at a dozen corpses. Because they had no ideology. Ideology—that is what gives villainy its long-sought justification and gives the…

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  • Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s Overcoming Personal, Political, and Historical Amnesia Through Literary-Aesthetic Anamnesis

    March 13, 2017

    As late as Nov 29, 1988, well into the Gorbachev period of ‘glasnost,’ Suslov’s successor and top party ideologist, Vadim Medvedev ‘confirmed Solzhenitsyn would remain on the Soviet Union’s blacklist of forbidden writers, saying that “to publish Solzhenitsyn’s work is to undermine the foundation on which our…

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  • Modernity Reconsidered : Multiple Modernities, Universal History and the Quest for a Civilizational Paradigm

    March 11, 2017

    In view of an unfolding global modernity, Voegelin  proposed “the empirical thesis that the philosophical investigation of the realm of phenomena has always drawn  its dynamism  from contemporary conflict situations. If today’s horizon of the phenomena in question is truly global, it is because the entire globe…

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  • Putin's Russia: Power and Postmodernity

    March 10, 2017

    Red Notice: A True Story of High Finance, Murder, and One Man’s Fight for Justice. Bill Browder. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015. Putin’s Kleptocracy: Who Owns Russia? Karen Dawisha.New York: Simon & Schuster, 2014. The Fourth Political Theory. Alexander Dugin. London: Arktos, 2012. Eurasian Mission: An Introduction…

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  • The Special Relationship: United States-Russia

    March 8, 2017

    A special relationship between the United States and Russia existed during the period 2001–2002, after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. However, this relationship of cooperation quickly became adversarial and competitive because of diverging strategic interests. As the only country with the capacity…

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  • What Numbers Can and Cannot Tell Us about Russian Politics

    March 6, 2017

    New Trends in Russian Political Mentality: Putin 3.0. Elena Shestopal, ed. Lanham, Lexington Books, 2015.   Quantitative measures of political phenomena can be enormously appealing.  They seem to provide a parsimonious expression of political reality.  The “scientific” basis of quantitative methodology also lends to it a logical…

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  • The Political Science Reviewer

    March 5, 2017

    The Political Science Reviewer is a beacon in the often-murky world of professional political science journals. Unencumbered by any of the reigning orthodoxies, the PSR welcomes the evidence of empirical study, but upholds the primacy of theoretical understanding. The PSR is an annual journal featuring essay-length reviews of classic and contemporary studies in…

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Chehkov

Physician, playwright, philander, short story author, and prison reform advocate, Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (1860–1904) lived a life full of paradoxes. He had a religious education but became an atheist; he wrote literature initially for money for which he later became immortalized; he was trained as a physician but treated peasants without pay; he was promiscuous as a bachelor only to…

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Mohammed D. Cherkaoui Enlightenment Arab Muslim Islam

What Is Enlightenment? Continuity or Rupture in the Wake of the Arab Uprisings. Mohammed D. Cherkaoui, ed. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2016.
 
Among the three projects of modernity in conflict with each other – capitalist democracy, communism-socialism, and extremist nationalism – only the first survived into the twenty-first century. Capitalist democracy is today the unrivaled form of modernity in the world and…

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The North American High Tory Tradition. Ron Dart. New York: American Anglican Press, 2016.
 
In his 1965 book, Lament for a Nation, political philosopher described the disappearance of Canada as a sovereign nation-state and went so far as to declare “the impossibility of Canada” in the modern age. Indeed, his use of the word “lament” provides conclusive evidence that for him…

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Merrill Hume and Politics of Enlightenment

Hume and the Politics of Enlightenment. Thomas W. Merrill. Cambridge University Press, 1915.
 
Thomas Merrill of American University introduces this book with reflections on the difficult relation of philosophy to politics, illustrated in the thought of Marx and Heidegger, each alienated from the dominant features of the modern situation, each committed to radical questioning of conventional assumptions, but each attaching themselves to…

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Havel 2

Then every thing includes itself in power,
Power into will, will into appetite;
And appetite, a universal wolf,
So doubly seconded with will and power,
Must make perforce a universal prey,
And last eat up himself.
Shakespeare, Troilus and Cressida, Act 1, Scene 3[i]
 
Living in the era of the Tudors, Shakespeare knew a thing or two about power, will and appetite. It can be a deadly…

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Russia Martyoshka

1682                Brothers Ivan V and Peter I crowned czars
1695-1700      War with Ottoman Empire
1696                Ivan V dies, leaving Peter I as the sole czar
1696-97           Peter’s grand tour of Europe
1700-21           The Great Northern War
1703                St. Petersburg founded
1710-13           War with Ottoman Empire
1713                St. Petersburg declared capital of Russia
1721                Russia declared an Empire
1722-23          War with Persia
1725                Catherine I crowned Empress of Russian Empire
1727                Peter…

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Refugee US Challenges

With the inauguration of the new president approaching, I thought it might be worthwhile to review some of the challenges that the new administration will confront.[1] Although I was not a supporter of Trump during the election, I do wish his administration success for the good of the country, for the challenges that he will confront are myriad and formidable.…

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Natural Law Aquinas

Natural law is both a moral and legal theory that posits the existence of a law whose content is set by nature and therefore has validity everywhere. As a moral theory, natural law claims moral standards that govern human behavior are in some part objectively derived from the nature of human beings and the world; as a legal theory, natural…

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Greek Vase Perephone Aristotle 5

Reflections on Aristotle’s Politics.  Mogens Herman Hansen, Copenhagen:  Museum Tusculanum Press, 2013.

 
Reflections on Aristotle’s Politics is another innovative and interesting work by Mogens Herman Hansen on Athenian democracy, but this time with a singular focus on Aristotle’s Politics. The book has eight chapters, seven of which are revisions of pieces previously published in various volumes, mostly from the 1990s, and…

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Aristotle 2

Aristotle on the Nature of Community. Adriel M. Trott. Cambridge, New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2014.
 
Adriel M. Trott’s Aristotle on the Nature of the Community examines Aristotle’s Politics by placing his understanding of nature (physis) at the center of political life. According to Trott, the human being and the polis operate according to natural ends which allow both entities to fulfill…

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